studies

Nigeria
Yobé State, Nangere LGA / 2017
by Action Against Hunger US (UKAID)

The northern part of Nigeria meets lot of issues since the beginning of the second millennium. Economic instability, decrease of agricultural production, climate change and more recently armed conflict against Boko Haram excluded a part of this population from the benefit of Nigeria growth.

Undernutrition prevalences in the studied area (14.6% wasting, 68.3% stunting) have been captured in November 2016 (not during the lean season).

Wasting is mainly related to weak breastfeeding practices and early introduction of complementary feeding. The vulnerability to hydric disease is also highly related to unhealthy environment and weak hygiene practices. Then, the repetitiveness of child diseases devitalise the child who will be more vulnerable to hydric diseases in a context of weak health care practices (medicinal recipes).

Stunting seems related to drastic decrease of HDDS since 2010, which affects WDDS and IDDS. Availability of food items in the household is problematic and the children do not have access to sufficient nutritional supply.

The terrible degradation of food security in the northern part of Nigeria appeared in this study as the major cause of undernutrition. If low level of care and health practices, or problematic water access and management can explain chronic malnutrition, high prevalence of acute malnutrition seems more linked to the drop of agricultural production. This decrease is caused by an unfavourable economic context, climate change context and conflict context.



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