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Nairobi County - Mukuru and Viwandani urban informal settlements


Full Report - Link NCA - Informal Urban Settlements, Nairobi county, 2017
Key Messages - Link NCA - Informal Urban Settlements, Nairobi County, 2017


Mercy Wahome
Joseph Njuguna

Managing organization
Concern Worldwide


Nairobi, the Capital City of Kenya, has experienced an exponential growth in the past 60 years with a population of 3.138 million (Census 2009) and a projected estimate of 4.1 million in 2016. As a result of the rapidly increasing population Nairobi, majority of the people live in the informal settlement which according to estimates, house approximately 60% of the Nairobi population and cover only 5% of the city’s residential land.

The burden of malnutrition in the slums remains extremely high in comparison with the national and Nairobi county average with stunting begin the most prevalent. A comparative analysis of stunting trends over the past 6 years indicates doubling of stunting rates in the slums (APHRC, 2013).

A more recent survey shows that 46% of the children in the urban slums are stunted (Kimani-Murage et al, 2015). A health and nutrition survey conducted in June 2014 in all the major Nairobi slums showed Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate of 5.7% and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rate of 1.9%.

Urban informal settlements contain fragmented, less cohesive communities than their rural counterparts. Informal settlement dwellers are mobile, moving between urban and rural settings, and within urban localities.

With chronic unemployment and under employment, slum population is highly vulnerable to shocks, from price increases to disease outbreaks and political unrest. The consequences of these are a high disease burden, food insecurity, and ultimately high levels of malnutrition and mortality. Poor sanitation has been linked with high prevalence of malnutrition. Children in Nairobi’s slums experiencing chronic diarrhoea often fail to absorb nutrients from food, contributing to malnutrition and stunting.

For further information


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